Tsardom of Russia
1547-1721

 

 

In the 16th century, Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) conquered vast territories, and used extensive terror methods against his people. The following, “Time of Troubles,” nearly finished Russia as an independent state. Stability came only with the new Romanov Dynasty at the beginning of the 17th century.

 

1547
Ivan the Terrible becomes tsar
1613
Romanov dynasty begins
1660
Schism in Russian Orthodox Church
1703
St Petersburg established

 

 

 

 

Ivan the Terrible

1533-1584 

The process of centralizing power in Russia under Moscow rule was completed by Ivan the Terrible. He expanded Russia’s territory greatly, but caused the deaths of hundreds of thousands.

 

 

 

 

Time of Troubles

1598-1613 

The Time of Troubles was one of the weakest points in the history of the Russian state. Fifteen years of unrest, civil wars, and famine, killed about one-third of the population, and took Russia very close to being occupied by Poland and Sweden

 

 

 

The First Romanovs

1613-1917 

Having survived the Time of Troubles, Russia faced the 17th century with the newly established Romanov Dynasty. Mikhail I began as a weak compromise candidate who was in favor of the boyars. Nevertheless, having eventually achieved 304 years in power, the Romanovs became one of the longest surviving European dynasties.

 

 

 

 

Peter the Great

1682-1725 

Until the 1700’s, Russia was, technologically, way behind the rest of Europe. One could say Tsar Peter I (Peter the Great) dragged the country, kicking and screaming, out of the Middle Ages. His reforms made Russia an international player for the first time in history.

 

 

Empire of Russia