Medieval Russia
9th-15th centuries

 

 

The first state-like formations, in the present-day territory of Russia, emerged around Novgorod and Kiev in the 9th century. Russia was then dominated by Vikings. After 250 years of Mongol supremacy, from the 13th century, Moscow became the most important power base in Russia. It was from Moscow that Ivan the Great ruled with a firm hand.

 

882
Kievan State is founded
988
Vladimir adopts Christianity
1237
Mongol invasion begins
1380
Russian victory at Kulikovo

 

 

Kievan Rus

882-1283

The first forerunner of a state, which was in the territories of East Slavs, was named, “Rus,” and was established by the Viking clan called the, “Rus,” in the 9th century. Rich culture, and prosperous trade with the Byzantine Empire, made it the dominant ruler of, what is today, Western Russia.

 

 

 

Mongol Invasion

1237-1480

Mongols were the biggest threat to the Christian world in the 13th century. They established the largest continental empire of all time. Most of Western Russia was under Mongol rule for 250 years.

 

 

Grand Duchy of Moscow

1283-1547

In the ongoing power struggle, the Moscow princes were the smartest in dealing with the Mongol conquerors. Their Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually annexed all neighboring principalities, and became the heart of the state that later came to be known as Russia.

 

 

Ivan the Great

1462-1505

Ivan III (Ivan the Great), was the “… gatherer of Russian lands.” He brought the individual principalities of Rurikid princes under the direct rule of Moscow, and tripled the size of his territory. Ivan the Great laid the foundations of what later became known as the Russian state.

 

Tsardom of Russia